In this article, you will find some botanical properties of feijoa plant.
Natural habitat of Feijoa plant
Feijoa, the homeland of which is South America, belongs to the Myrtaceae family. It grows naturally in Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Northern Argentina. At the beginning of the 20 th century, it began to take place in the botanical gardens of the Mediterranean countries. Feijoa is translated as a slice tree.
Botanical properties of Feijoa plant
It tends to branch from the soil surface. If the bottom shoots are not cleaned, they take the form of a large shrub with a large body. It is evergreen in winter and always stays green.
The flowers are the most remarkable organ of this plant. It is very beautiful and has great flowers. Buds are formed on leaf seats and flower stalks are 3-4 cm long. The petals have long and white colored outside.
Physiologically, it is a hermaphrodite. Flowering begins in June and continues for about 1.5 months. Although the flowers are self-fertile, it holds better fruit with mutual pollination.
Feijoa begins to bloom and bear fruit from the age of 3 years. Every tree has hundreds or even thousands of flowers in older ages.
During this period, it has very attractive appearance with vivid green leaves and large red – white flowers. With this appearance, feijoa plant is also used in landscaping architecture. Fruits that were previously dull become bright green in harvesting times. The sun-shining parts turn red. The flesh, which is yellowish cream colored and very fragrant, has a distinctive flavor.
The closest plant to Feijoa in terms of climate sites is olive. Warm request is close to olives. In winter it can withstand temperatures up to -16 ° C. Water demand is slightly higher than olives. Due to this similarity, it can easily grow in places where olive grows. It can climb up to 700m above sea level. Continuous hard and dry winds should be avoided. Frost that may occur before harvest will damage the fruits. Falling snow in winter can break branches. In such cases, shoots and branches should be tied around a few rows of rope.
It is not very selective in terms of soil requirements. Strong pile and fringe roots are well dispersed in the soil. It develops well on deep, lime-free, filtered soils. It becomes difficult to develop in dry soils.
When installing a garden, the distance between rows should be 4-5 m and the row length should be 2-3 m. It does not need any support system. Branches that can be broken by fruit weight should be supported or interconnected. There should be no mutual conflict. In order to increase fruit retention, more than one variety should be used when establishing a garden.
Feijoa live 50-60 years and bear fruit. 66-110 plants can be planted per decare. The yield may be between 550-1800 kg / da. Trees should be crowned 30-40 cm high from the ground. Evenly spaced 3-5 branches are left sideways. Later natural development form. However, the down-growing shoots, closing the inside of the plant shoots, bottom shoots are cleaned regularly.
Fertilization is essential for the regular development and fruiting of the plant. Optimum-threshold values have not yet been determined in the leaf analysis. In addition, organic matter (stall manure) should be given in order to promote root growth and increase the water holding capacity of the soil.