This article is about the importance of exercise for diabetes patients. So, why is exercise important for diabetes patients?
Exercise can be a basic factor to control weight and reduce blood sugar levels. For this reason, this physical activity is essential for people with diabetes. In addition, exercising reduces the risk of heart disease, which is a common condition in diabetes patients.
In any case, it is essential to consult the doctor before starting a routine, as the type of exercise will depend on the age and general health of the patient. It is likely that a stress test is recommended before indicating a training plan. Any special need should be considered at this time. For example, if you have an eye disease, such as retinopathy at an advanced stage, exercise with weights should be limited to low resistance.
Most specialists recommend aerobic exercises such as walking or cycling which make breathing deeper and the heart work harder. However, if there are problems related to the nerves of the feet or legs, doing activities that do not involve too much effort would be better. In these cases, a viable option would be swimming. Also, working the upper part of the body can be a good alternative in the case of neuropathy in the feet.
It is important to keep track of glucose levels before and after physical activity. Regular exercise makes the body more sensitive to insulin and in some cases the level of sugar could be reduced too much. So, it is important to check it and wait until they are at an appropriate level before starting a session.
It is especially important to monitor the level of sugar if you take part in an physical activity in situations of intense heat or cold, as these affect the way in which insulin is absorbed. Also, plenty of water should be taken, since dehydration affects blood sugar levels.
It is essential to wear comfortable shoes and appropriate socks (that do not let moisture in). After finishing the exercise, the feet should be checked.
It is always good to have a snack on hand in case the sugar level drops too low.
If insulin is used, it should not be injected into a part of the body that is being exercised.