What is ayurveda?

In this article, you will find what is ayurveda and some nutritional recommendations about this ancient Indian doctrine? 

Basics

Ayurveda (Ayus = life, veda = complete knowledge = ayurveda science of life) is based on three collections of letters (Samhitas): Caraka Samhita, Sushrutu Samhita and Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita. These are eight separate areas described: internal medicine, toxicology, surgery, ophthalmology, paediatrics, ear, nose and throat medicine, gynecology and obstetrics.
The first papers are to be found in the Vedas around 5000 BC have been influenced by Ayurveda, the ancient Greek medicine (Hippocrates), the ancient Egyptian medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Even today, approximately 80% of the population of India, ayurvedic treatment methods.

A modern version of Ayurveda was developed in cooperation of western medical doctors with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (the founder of Transcendental Meditation). Those in the West almost exclusively applied recast is called Maharishi Ayurveda.

Ayurveda considers the human as a unity of body, mind, behavior and environment. The goal is a healthy life in which the needs for spiritual advancement and success in daily life alike can be satisfied. Health means that the body functions (metabolism, digestion, tissues and excreta) in equilibrium and soul, senses and spirit in the permanent state of inner happiness there.

The Three Doshas  

A key role of the doctrine of the three doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha), because they allow the dialogue of the mind with the body. Each dosha is thus in all cells, tissues and organs of the body effectively and also has a spiritual function. They explain the relationship of man with his diet and the whole environment and thus show how the human nature in the laws of the universe is embedded. Everyone “includes” from birth to all three doshas, but in varying degrees. The doshas are in a dynamic equilibrium with each other, are mutually interdependent.  
 
The knowledge of the (own) Konstitutionstyp (pakriti) is essential for the self-understanding, it allows the trained but also from the resulting strengths and weaknesses, appropriate preventive and treatment methods to find out.

Vata  

Light weight and easier to build, enthusiastic, lively, inventive, things go quickly, a tendency to dry skin, aversion to cold and windy weather, irregular hunger and digestion, is prone to constipation, understands, but forgets quickly, tends to concern and light interrupted sleep  

Pitta  

Medium build, medium strength and endurance, and working systematically organized, aversion to heat, strong hunger, thirst and good digestion, food can be bad, blonde or light red hair, light or reddish skin (freckles), precise, clear language, enterprising and brave, is prone to impatience and anger  

Kapha  

Powerful physique, stamina and performance, working methodically and slowly, slowly to take new, good long-term memory, calm, balanced, stirring infrequently, stable, loving, tolerant, forgiving like, deep and long sleep, excessive hunger, slow digestion, tends to obesity, the accumulation and possession of smugness, strong, rather dark hair.

The optimal balance between the individual doshas, according to this doctrine the pakriti (assessment) for the birth time prevail. Due to influences of everyday life as well as nutrition, exercise, sleep habits and feelings there are deviations from the natural (vikriti). Naturally return to their equilibrium following people to its initial value (pakriti) back. If that does not work more (massive stimuli, blocked counter-regulation), so it is first necessary to disturbance and in the further course of disease symptoms. Objective of Ayurveda is already before the outbreak of a disease remedy. In four main areas of tried-Maharishi Ayurveda the balance of the doshas, according to the pakriti:  
 
      Nutrition  
      Body Exercises  
      Daily routine  
      Season Routine