Facts about vitiligo: causes, symptoms and treatments

Vitiligo is a skin disease which is mostly characterized by milky white pathches on the skin because of pigment loss. For light skinned persons, this disease may not be observed easily but it is clearly seen for darks. The reason and remedy of vitiligo have not been clearly defined yet. So, it is very difficult to get over this problem. Here is some facts about vitiligo.

According to specialists, vitiligo is an auto-immune disease and it appears when someone is under high stress or life pressure. This is probably because of economical crisis, unwanted or unexpected events, some serious diseases which damage the immune system. In vitiligo, skin cells called melanocytes are destroyed.

This white patches may appear everywhere on the human skin but it mostly takes place on eye-lips, mouth, hand and foot fingers, genital and rectal areas, face and sometimes in hair.

There are two types of vitiligo specified by doctors. Local vitiligo and generalized vitiligo namely. Localized vitiligo is grouped as focal pattern vitiligo and segmental pattern vitiligo. Unlike localized one, generalized vitiligo is classified as acrofacial, universal and vulgaris.

Almost 2% of the overall populations is suffered to vitiligo. That is, almost 50 million of people makes of the vitiligo population.

For most patients, vitligo is accompanied with other diseases like hyperthyroidism, alopecia areata, pernicious anemia. Alopecia areata is simply the pathches of baldness and pernicious anemia is a disorder caused by deficieny of B12.

For most of the cases, it is hereditary and children gets vitiligo in low ages. However, vitiligo appears between 20-30 ages for most of the cases.

It’s not easy to live with vitiligo. You may struggle to feel good about your appearance, but please know that at the end of the day, it is your actions and personality that touches people. And, isn’t that why we are all here anyway?

There are many cosmetic brands available that can be used to hide the vitiligo. You need to talk to your doctor and try few and find out which suits you best. Dihydroxyacetone containing sunless tan can be used by light skinned people to get even color. You need to try out few products and decide what suits you most.

Another common treatment is PUVA. In PUVA a drug called psoralen is either applied or given orally to the patient. This drug makes the skin very sensitive to UV radiation. The affected skin is then exposed to UV light. This may help re-pigmentation of the affected site. This treatment may be given twice a week for five minutes each and may continue for up to two years. Your doctor will decide about that. There is no guarantee that the regenerated pigment will not be lost again.